European stocks and the euro rose on Monday, battling back as investors bet that Prime Minister Matteo Renzi's resignation after voters rejected his constitutional reforms would not trigger a snap election in Italy.
Italian stocks broadly languished below the water line but the losses seen as the scale of Renzi's defeat in Sunday's referendum emerged were more than halved.
But there was no relief for Italian bonds or banks, which bore the brunt of investor fears that a fresh bout of political turmoil in the euro zone's third-largest economy, and one of its most indebted, could undermine Italy's shaky banking system.
U.S. futures took their cue from the generally positive tone across the rest of Europe and pointed to a rise of about 0.4 % at the open on the financial market.
"Renzi's resignation is likely to lead to a period of higher political uncertainty which comes in the midst of ongoing recapitalization efforts in the Italian banking sector," said Nicola Mai, head of European sovereign credit research at PIMCO.
"Negative market sentiment on the vote is likely to be mitigated by the fact that the market has been expecting a 'No' (vote) and that the ECB remains in play in European sovereign bond markets."
The euro hit a 20-month low of $1.0508 but roared back two full cents, to above $1.07 for the first time in more than two weeks.
Milan's main bourse fell 2 % at the opening but was last down 0.6 %. Italian financials shed more than 3% as a 5 billion euro rescue plan for Monte dei Paschi di Siena hung by a thread.
Europe's FTSEuroFirst index of leading 300 shares rose 0.8 % and Germany's DAX rose 1.5 %.
The referendum outcome was anticipated but the crushing margin of Renzi's defeat - 59 % to 41 % - caused the initial alarm.
It also deals a blow to the European Union, which is already reeling from multiple crises and rising anti-establishment sentiment of the kind that led to Britain's shock vote to quit the bloc in June.
Italy's benchmark 10-year bond yield jumped 13 basis points to 2.03 %, widening the premium investors demand for holding Italian bonds over safer German bonds to 175 bps, before easing slightly.
The strong link between Italy's banking sector and bond market is a major concern for investors. Banks have been hit by concerns over their huge exposure to bad loans built up during years of economic downturn. They also hold large amounts of Italian government debt.
Brexit in the dock
Markets had earlier taken some encouragement from the sound defeat in Austria's presidential election of a far-right candidate by a pro-European, which confounding forecasts of a tight race.
The European Central Bank meets on Thursday amid much speculation it will announce a six-month extension of its asset buying program and widen the type of bonds it can purchase.
Earlier in Asia, MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan eased 0.4 % and Japan's Nikkei closed down 0.8 %.
China's CSI 300 index tumbled 1.7 % and Hong Kong's Hang Seng index retreated 0.7 % after U.S. President-elect Donald Trump took to Twitter to complain about Chinese economic and military policy.
The financial market ended Friday on a cautious note, with the Dow off 0.11 %, while the S&P 500 rose 0.04 % and the Nasdaq gained 0.09 %.
While the U.S. November payroll report on Friday was firm enough to cement expectations of a U.S. interest rate hike by the Federal Reserve this month, a surprise pullback in wages helped bonds pare a little of their recent losses.
In currencies, the dollar was supported by expectations of a U.S. rate increase this month and more to come next year. The dollar index, which tracks the greenback against a basket of six global peers, was up 0.2 % at 100.95.
Against the yen, the dollar rose 0.7 % to 114.30 yen.
The New Zealand dollar, which earlier weakened almost 1 % to $0.707 after Prime Minister John Key unexpectedly announced his resignation, recovered a little to trade down 0.5 % at $0.7090.
New Zealand stocks ended the day 0.7 % lower.
Sterling could be vulnerable to developments in Britain's Supreme Court on Monday, as judges hear the government's appeal against a ruling that the formal process of Brexit cannot begin without parliamentary approval.
The pound was last unchanged at $1.2715, having risen to a multi-month high on Thursday on indications from a leading government minister that a "soft Brexit" might be the outcome rather than a "hard Brexit".
"If the government loses its appeal, we could see another leg higher in sterling against the dollar," City Index research director Kathleen Brooks said.
In commodity markets, Brent crude's rally in the wake of last week's historic OPEC production cut continued. It rose above ($55 a barrel) for the first time since July last year.