Eurozone fundamentals improving, eventually euro to follow

March 4, 2015 11:46 AM

The Eurozone fundamentals are improving and eventually the euro should follow.

Cheaper crude oil, low interest rates and strong U.S. growth may be starting to work their magic on the flagging Eurozone economy – if so a recovery of the euro should follow in due course.

For now the EUR remains under pressure, not least with the European Central Bank launching its EUR 1.1 trillion quantitative easing programme (60 billion a month). If the U.S. starts raising interest rates this year --- then EUR/USD at parity is still very likely, but it may not last long.

The early seeds of Eurozone recovery could be in the process of being sown. Q4, 2014 quarterly GDP was 0.3%, compared with 0.2% and 0.1% during the previous two quarters. Encouragingly this happened before the ECB even started its quantitative easing program and the oil price only tanked in December.

And there are signs of improvement at the Eurozone's periphery too. During Q4, Spain's GDP rose 0.7% and Portugal's 0.5%. In fact only three Eurozone countries, which reported Q4 numbers, saw a contraction: Greece -0.2%, Cyprus -0.7% and Finland -0.3%. Germany, the motor of the Eurozone, grew 0.7%.   

Meanwhile, M1 money supply (money in circulation and short-term deposits) rose 9% in January, it's fastest since 2011. Rising money supply is usually a sign of increasingly economic activity and can also point to higher inflation (though price pressures are still very subdued in the Eurozone). 

EUR/USD likely to be still heading for parity, but may not stay there long

Tentatively optimistic

Another strong support for the Eurozone is its huge current account surplus standing at 240.2 billion in 2014, ($267 billion), well ahead of China's at $213.8 billion – the world's manufacturing and exporting power house.

Any recovery in the Eurozone would be welcome news for the global economy. It would reduce strains on other countries to pursue increasingly aggressive devaluation policies, which could eventually degenerate into highly damaging trade wars.

Increasing economic activity should also subdue deflationary pressures and if accompanied by broad and sustained GDP growth, the ECB could even start winding down its QE program ahead of schedule, which would certainly be bullish for the EUR.

The other point is that the recovery looks relatively broad based, which will do much to ease the near perpetual economic strains within the Eurozone, which result from a one-size fits all exchange rate and monetary policy – ensuring that most of the time it's never quite right for anyone.

But the Eurozone's recovery is still in its early days and therefore relatively fragile and has a tendency to disappoint. There are still many things that could go wrong. Geopolitical tensions remain with Russia and the Middle East, the Greek crisis, though contained remains a risk, the rise of extremist political parties and oil prices could recover back to $100 a barrel chocking off consumer spending. 

The short-term outlook for EUR/USD remains bearish, but longer-term it is more bullish – providing there's a broad-based and sustained Eurozone economic recovery, in which case an eventual return to 1.2000-1.3000 can be expected.

About the Author

Justin Pugsley is the forex and gold markets analyst for New Zealand-based trading platform provider MahiFX. He is a keen student of markets, economics and history. Prior to working with MahiFX, Justin worked for a number of leading media organisations such as Thomson-Reuters and Dow Jones/Wall Street Journal.