U.S. stock climbed, sending the Russell 2000 Index to an all-time high, as benchmark indexes headed toward a second straight weekly gain.
The Russell 2000 of small-cap companies gained 0.6 percent to a record 1,213.72. The Standard & Poor’s 500 Index rose 0.5 percent to 2,091.31 at 10:06 a.m. in New York. The Dow Jones Industrial Average added 71.60 points, or 0.4 percent, to 18,101.81. Trading in S&P 500 companies was 61 percent below the 30-day average for this time of the day.
U.S. markets were closed yesterday for Christmas. Most major markets around the globe are shut today.
The Russell 2000 has shown resilience this year, recovering from a correction that saw it slip 11 percent over a five-week period starting in early September. The index has surged 16 percent since reaching a one-year low on Oct. 13.
Even with its 4.3 percent gain in 2014, the Russell still trails the S&P 500 and Dow.
Both the S&P 500 and the Dow are at records this week after posting their biggest rally in three years. The recent gains are taking the Dow up 1.4 percent for the month and 9.1 percent this year. The S&P 500 has risen 1.1 percent in December and 13 percent in 2014.
“Momentum has been building in the last month for small- cap names,” Michael James, a Los Angeles-based managing director of equity trading at Wedbush Securities Inc., said by phone. ‘It’s merely playing catch up. Given that the Russell has lagged through this year, people are trying to find beta for performance.’’
It hasn’t been a smooth year for the Russell 2000. The gauge lost 2.8 percent over a three-day period starting July 15 after the Federal Reserve expressed concern about valuations among social-media and biotech companies.
“Valuation metrics in some sectors do appear substantially stretched -- particularly those for smaller firms in the social- media and biotechnology industries,” the central bank wrote in assessing the U.S. stock market.
The Fed’s concern came after small-caps and Internet shares were the biggest victims of a market retreat early in the year as investors dumped the best performers of the bull market.
Small-cap shares also fell faster than the broader market during an August selloff sparked by concern that a bear market in oil prices and slowing growth in China and Europe would hurt the U.S. economy.
The Russell 2000 will trail the benchmark index in 2015, Bank of America Corp. analysts wrote in a note to clients earlier this month. Small-cap companies remain expensive and will appreciate less than larger ones as interest rates increase, the analysts led by Jill Carey Hall said.
A slump in oil prices threatened the stock rally earlier this month, with the S&P 500 closing at a seven-week low on Dec. 16. The index recouped its losses faster than in comparable drops earlier this year as the Federal Reserve said it will be patient on the timing of interest-rate increases and the U.S. economy expanded at the fastest pace in more than a decade.
Since the bull market began in 2009, the Dow has risen 176 percent, propelled by better-than-estimated corporate results and three rounds of Fed bond buying. The S&P 500 has more than tripled during that period. Even with slumps in 2014 risking to derail a bull market in its sixth year, the Dow’s worst retreat was only about 7 percent, and the gauge recovered from each drop in two months.
The Chicago Board Options Exchange S&P 500 Volatility Index, the gauge of S&P 500 swings known as the VIX, has slumped 39 percent in the past six trading days, its biggest plunge since January 2013.
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