USD/CAD: Did yesterday mark a near-term top?

The normally stoic USD/CAD has surprisingly been one of the most interesting currency pairs over the past few weeks.

Over the last week, we have repeatedly warned of the potential for an oversold bounce from the 6-month lows in the mid-1.0600s. This anticipated rally has since emerged, but a confluence of fundamental and technical factors suggests the bounce may be running out of gas.

Tackling the fundamental side first, the Bank of Canada’s statement yesterday was decidedly neutral. The central bank chose to omit its previously-standard line about the risks of low inflation, but expressed “serial disappointment” with the global economy as a whole. Accordingly, the BoC raised its inflation forecasts for 2014, but cut its growth forecasts for both 2014 and 2015, painting a thoroughly messy picture for USD/CAD traders.

The more important fundamental development this week has been the path of oil prices. As my colleague Fawad Razaqzada noted earlier today, oil prices have come storming back over the last two days, with WTI (NYMEX:CLN14) rising from $99 all the way to $103 as of writing. For the uninitiated, Canada is the world’s sixth largest oil producer and the largest single exporter of oil to the United States, so the loonie tends to be correlated with “black gold.” With oil prices bouncing back toward the top of their recent range, the USD/CAD bounce is facing a stiff fundamental headwind.

Technical View: USD/CAD

The daily chart puts the recent bounce in context. As we started this month, rates were deeply oversold, with the daily RSI dipping down toward 20; the pair was also testing key support at the 38.2% Fibonacci retracement of the Sept. 2012 – March 2014 rally at 1.0645, so a bounce was highly likely.

Looking objectively at today’s situation reveals a completely different technical picture. The pair has now already reached the measured move target of its 4hr inverted Head-and-Shoulders pattern at 1.0770 (see below for more) and rates just put in a Dark Cloud Cover* candlestick formation off the 50% Fibonacci retracement near 1.0790. This candlestick formation shows a shift from buying to selling pressure and is often seen at near-term tops in the market. In addition, the USD/CAD saw a “death cross” of the 50- and 200-day MAs earlier this week, suggesting that the longer-term trend is turning to the downside.


With technical signs starting to turn in favor of the bears, the USD/CAD may return back to last week’s levels in the mid-1.0600s over the next few days. Beyond that, a confirmed break below 1.0600 could open the door for even more weakness toward 1.0500 or below as we move through the latter half of the summer. Meanwhile, only a sustained recovery back above the moving averages near 1.0800 would shift the medium-term bias back to the topside from here.

*A Dark Cloud Cover is formed when one candle opens near the top of the previous candle's range, but sellers step in and push rates down to close in the lower half of the previous candle's range. It suggests a potential trend reversal.

About the Author
Matt Weller

Senior Technical Analyst for Matt has actively traded various financial instruments including stocks, options, and forex since 2005. Each day, Matt creates research reports focusing on technical analysis of the forex, equity, and commodity markets. In his research, he utilizes candlestick patterns, classic technical indicators, and Fibonacci analysis to predict market moves. Matt is a Chartered Market Technician (CMT) and a member of the Market Technicians Association. You can reach Matt directly via e-mail ( or on twitter (@MWellerFX).

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