The budget agreement reached by congressional Democrats and Republicans would provide only a modest boost to the U.S. economy. The psychological effect is likely to be a lot greater.
After a near default on the government’s debt in 2011, a 16-day federal shutdown in October, and plenty of political turmoil in between, Congress may finally be moving to ease the gridlock that has burdened the economy for three years.
The deal, which still must pass the House and Senate, is “a signal of a little less acrimony in Washington” before the next skirmish, raising the nation’s borrowing limit, said Michael Feroli, chief U.S economist for JPMorgan Chase & Co.
“Maybe it means we’re going to have a less bruising debt-limit battle and the bad vibes on fiscal policy won’t hang over the economy next year,” Feroli said.
The numbers in the accord are a small part of the nation’s $16.9 trillion economy. The agreement would ease automatic spending cuts known as sequestration by $40 billion in 2014 and about $20 billion in 2015 and set discretionary spending -- the government expenditures subject to yearly congressional review - - at $1.01 trillion this fiscal year.
Still, economists say the Dec. 10 accord may lift optimism. Standard & Poor’s chief U.S. economist Beth Ann Bovino said it “helps reduce some uncertainty from Capitol Hill and helps remove one of the roadblocks businesses and consumers face next year.”
“The private sector will probably be more confident when planning investment and spending for next year, which would directly boost growth,” Bovino said.
Sal Guatieri, a senior economist at BMO Capital Markets in Toronto, said the deal “could ward off political brinkmanship and fiscal policy uncertainty for at least a year, unleashing a wave of business investment and hiring.”
“The biggest downside risk” to the economy next year “has taken a big step back,” Guatieri said.
Wall Street’s biggest concern was that the agreement would remove the Federal Reserve Board’s worries about a political shock from Washington and prompt the central bank to begin reducing its stimulus for the economy. Fed officials have been debating when to start winding down $85 billion in monthly bond purchases designed to spur growth.