Jobless claims in U.S. fall over month to lowest since 2007

Extended Benefits

Those who’ve used up their traditional benefits and are now collecting emergency and extended payments decreased by about 48,800 to 1.52 million in the week ended July 20.

The unemployment rate among people eligible for benefits held at 2.3% in the week ended July 27, today’s report showed.

Forty-five states and territories reported a decline in claims, while eight reported an increase. These data are reported with a one-week lag.

Initial jobless claims reflect weekly firings and typically wane before job growth can accelerate.

Payrolls rose by 162,000 workers in July, the fewest in four months, following a 188,000 increase in June, data showed last week. The jobless rate dropped to a more than four-year low of 7.4% from 7.6%.

Claims, Payrolls

“Claims don’t have to fall very far to make a meaningful difference to payrolls,” Ian Shepherdson, chief economist at Pantheon Macroeconomics Inc. in White Plains, New York, said in a research note. Every 10,000 decline in applications that is sustained over a month is roughly equivalent to a 25,000 increase in the pace of payroll gains, he said. “These data need to be watched.

Another report from the Labor Department this week showed job openings rose in June to the highest level in five years. It also showed fewer workers were fired in June than at any time in the previous five months, indicating demand is strong enough for companies to retain current staff.

Federal Reserve policy makers are watching the job market to determine when to begin scaling back the central bank’s $85 billion in monthly bond purchases. Officials have said they will continue the program until the labor market has improved “substantially.”

GDP Forecast

The economy will expand at a 2.5% annualized rate from July through December, up from a 1.4% gain in the first six months of 2013 and little changed from the pace projected last month, according to a Bloomberg survey of 59 economists conducted Aug. 2 to Aug. 6.

Economists in the survey also projected unemployment will drop to 7% by the middle of 2014, matching the timeline Fed Chairman Ben S. Bernanke laid out in predicting when the monthly bond purchases will end.

Companies trimming their workforce include Bank of America Corp., the second-largest U.S. lender. The Charlotte, North Carolina-based company told Pennsylvania regulators that it will cut 209 jobs from a unit servicing troubled mortgages by Sept. 30, according to a notice released Aug. 5 on the Pennsylvania Department of Labor website.

Reductions in federal government spending, or the so-called sequestration, also may affect the labor market. The Pentagon is reducing to six from 11 the furlough days that 651,542 of its civilian employees must take this fiscal year because of automatic budget cuts, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel said.

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