U.S. stocks rallied, sending the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index above 1,700 for the first time, after central banks vowed to maintain stimulus and data on global manufacturing beat forecasts.
All 10 S&P 500 main industries advanced. MetLife Inc. rose 6.5 % on better-than-estimated operating earnings. Procter & Gamble Co. gained 1.5 % after posting profit that topped analysts’ estimates. DreamWorks Animation SKG Inc. jumped 8.6 % as earnings surged. Exxon Mobil Corp. slid 1.3 % as profit trailed estimates by the most in more than a decade.
The S&P 500 rose 1.2 % to 1,706.06 at 2:54 p.m. in New York. The Dow Jones Industrial Average advanced 133 points, or 0.9 %, to a record 15,632.54. Trading in S&P 500 stocks was in line with the 30-day average during this time of day.
“Central banks throughout the world remain accommodative and you do not want to fight the central banks,” Phil Orlando, New York-based chief equity strategist at Federated Investors, which manages about $380 billion in assets, said by phone. “All of the data from an economic standpoint is telling that the economy is continuing to get better, the labor market is improving, and corporate earnings are coming in better than expected. So this market should continue to work higher.”
The Fed said yesterday that persistently low inflation could hamper the economy and pledged to keep buying $85 billion in bonds every month. The statement came as data showed the U.S. economy grew more than projected in the second quarter. European Central Bank President Mario Draghi said today that recent economic indicators signal that the euro region is through the worst and reiterated that officials plan to keep interest rates low for the foreseeable future.
Three rounds of bond purchases by the Fed, coupled with improving earnings and economic growth, has helped propel the S&P 500 up more than 150 % from its bear-market low in 2009. Speculation about the Fed’s monthly bond purchases has whipsawed stocks since May, when Chairman Ben S. Bernanke first indicated policy makers could begin reducing the stimulus this year if the job market continues to improve.
Investors poured $38.1 billion into exchange-traded funds listed in the U.S. last month, the most since December 2008 and the fourth-highest inflow ever, according to data compiled by Bloomberg since 2000. Almost $30 billion of the deposits went to funds that buy and sell American equities.
“When you see milestones, that gets people interested,” Randy Bateman, who oversees $15 billion as chief investment officer of Huntington Asset Advisors in Columbus, Ohio, said by phone. “Maybe there’s still a lot of money sitting on the sidelines that might be tempted to come into the market. I think it’s a bullish thing.”
The benchmark index gained 5 % in July, its biggest monthly advance since January. The gauge is trading at 15.5 times estimated earnings, compared with an average valuation of 13.9 times profit over the past five years, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.
Manufacturing in the U.S. expanded at the fastest pace in more than two years as orders and production jumped, according to the Institute for Supply Management’s factory index. Separate reports overseas showed manufacturing grew more than forecast in China and Europe.
In the U.S., applications for unemployment insurance payments declined by 19,000 to 326,000 in the week ended July 27, the fewest since January 2008, the Labor Department reported today in Washington. The median forecast of 50 economists surveyed by Bloomberg called for 345,000.
Labor Department data tomorrow may show U.S. employers added 185,000 people to payrolls in July, as the jobless rate fell to 7.5 % from 7.6 %, according to Bloomberg surveys of more than 80 economists.
Some 40 companies in the S&P 500 report results today. Of the 373 companies in the gauge to have already reported quarterly results, 73 % have exceeded analysts’ profit estimates and 56 % have beaten sales projections, data compiled by Bloomberg show.
The Chicago Board Options Exchange Volatility Index, or VIX, slipped 2.8 % to 13.07 today. The equity volatility gauge reached its highest level this year in June and has since fallen 36 %.
Companies whose growth is most tied to economic swings led today’s rally. The Morgan Stanley Cyclical Index rose 1.9 %. The Dow Jones Transportation Average surged 3.3 % to a record, while the Midcap 400 Index and the Russell 2000 Index for smaller companies hit all-time highs, climbing 2.2 % and 1.3 %, respectively.
The KBW Bank Index rallied 1.8 % as all its 24 members gained. American Express Co. advanced 2.7 % to $75.76 for the biggest gain in the Dow and Bank of America Corp. climbed 2.3 % to $14.93.
MetLife jumped 6.5 % to $51.56. The largest U.S. life insurer said earnings, which exclude some investment results, were $1.44 a share. That beat the $1.33 average estimate of 20 analysts surveyed by Bloomberg.
Procter & Gamble rose 1.5 % to $81.48. Earnings beat analyst forecasts, giving Chief Executive Officer A.G. Lafley some breathing room as he works to turn around the company he rejoined two months ago.
DreamWorks climbed 8.6 % to $26.88. The independent film studio run by Jeffrey Katzenberg reported a 75 % surge in profit, driven by the hit movie “The Croods.”
Automakers advanced 2.3 % as a group in the S&P 500, as vehicle sales extended a resurgence that’s putting the industry on course for its best year since 2007. Ford Motor Co. gained 1.8 % to $17.18 as light-vehicle sales increased 11 % in July. General Motors Co. rose 1.7 % to $36.48 after its deliveries jumped 16 % last month.
Industrial companies rose 1.8 % as a group. Quanta Services Inc. jumped 4.7 to $28.07. The biggest U.S. power line contractor exceeded analysts’ estimates for a ninth straight quarter, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. The company boosted its full-year forecast.
Yelp Inc. soared 26 % to $52.63. The company, whose website compiles consumer-business reviews, said second-quarter sales climbed 69 % to $55 million, topping the $53.3 million average analyst prediction compiled by Bloomberg.
CBS Corp. gained 4.1 % to $54.98. The owner of the most-watched U.S. TV network said second-quarter profit rose 11 %, spurred by higher rates from pay-TV systems and new Internet streaming agreements.
Pioneer Natural Resources Co. jumped 13 % to $175.62. At least three analysts raised their share-price forecasts for the oil and gas producer, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. Results from Pioneer’s Wolfcamp drilling site appear to show the company has “established a giant resource play,” Jonathan Wolff, an analyst with International Strategy & Investment Group LLC, wrote in a note.
Sprouts Farmers Market LLC more than doubled to $38.05 on the first day of trading. The organic grocery chain and existing owners sold 18.5 million shares, or a 13 % stake, for $18 apiece, pricing its initial public offering above the marketed range as increasing consumer confidence ignites interest in companies from restaurants to cruise lines.
Exxon Mobil dropped 1.3 % to $92.51. The world’s biggest energy company by market value reported profit of $1.55 a share as returns from its fuel-making business plunged. That missed the average analyst estimate by 18 %, the biggest gap since at least the fourth quarter of 2002.