Household wealth in the U.S. jumped to a record in the first quarter, exceeding its pre-recession peak for the first time, bolstered by gains in the stock and housing markets that are helping Americans mend finances.
Net worth for households and non-profit groups increased by $3 trillion from January through March, or 4.5% from the previous three months, to $70.3 trillion, the Federal Reserve said today from Washington in its financial accounts report, previously known as the flow of funds survey.
Household wealth eclipsed its pre-recession level as gains in the stock and housing markets help Americans withstand an increase in the payroll tax this year. Lending rates kept low by the Federal Reserve, coupled with further gains in employment, may continue to repair balance sheets and support consumer spending that makes up about 70% of the economy.
“We’re still on track for another improvement in net worth in the second quarter,” said Guy Berger, an economist at RBS Securities Inc. in Stamford, Connecticut. “It is having a positive effect.”
Household net worth is $2.29 trillion above its pre- recession peak of $68.1 trillion reached in the third quarter of 2007. It was at $67.3 trillion in the last three months of 2012.
The value of financial assets owned by American households, including stocks and pension-fund holdings, increased by $2.1 trillion in the first quarter to $57.7 trillion, today’s Fed report showed.
Equity prices have built on those gains so far this quarter even as federal budget cuts weigh on economic growth and concern that Fed policy makers will scale back bond purchases have hurt the market in the last three weeks. The Standard & Poor’s 500 Index advanced 3% through June 5 since March 29, while the first quarter saw a 10% increase.
Stocks rose today, after the S&P 500 Index dropped to a one-month low yesterday. The gauge climbed 0.3% to 1,614.41 at 2:30 p.m. in New York.
Household real-estate assets climbed by $836.8 billion, according to today’s flow of funds data. Owners’ equity as a share of total household real-estate holdings increased to 49.2% last quarter from 46.7% in the previous three months.
A recovering housing market is helping to support those gains. Property values rose 10.5% in the 12 months through March, the biggest gain in seven years and the 13th consecutive advance in national home prices, according to Irvine, California-based CoreLogic Inc.
Automakers are seeing a boost in orders as consumers find the wherewithal to spend. Cars and light trucks sold at a 15.2 million annualized rate in May, making it the sixth month out of the last seven to exceed the 15-million mark -- a level that previously hadn’t been reached since February 2008. Stocks of General Motors Co., Ford Motor Co. and Fiat SpA, the majority owner of Chrysler Group LLC, are all up more than 20% since March.
“Housing has kind of led the way with truck sales,” Kurt McNeil, GM’s vice president of U.S. sales operations, said on a June 3 conference call. “You’re starting to see some positive data from consumer sentiment and consumer confidence. The stock market continues to do well.”
Americans reduced debt last quarter even as the residential real-estate market improved. Today’s report showed household borrowing decreased at a 0.6% annual rate from January to March. Mortgage borrowing dropped at a 2.3% pace, the 16th consecutive decrease. Other forms of consumer credit, including auto and student loans, climbed at a 5.7% pace.
Total non-financial debt increased at a 4.6% annual pace last quarter, led by a 10.3% advance by the federal government and a 5.3% gain among companies. State and local government borrowing rose at a 1.9% pace.
Household finances on the mend are helping consumers meet their loan payments. Mortgage and consumer-loan payments in the fourth quarter accounted for 10.4% of after-tax income, the smallest share in records dating to 1980, according to Fed figures issued in March. The figure peaked at 14.1% in September 2007.
Still, when adjusted for inflation and population growth, household net worth had recovered less than two-thirds of the losses from the recession ended June 2009, according to research from the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. The gauge of inflation-adjusted net worth per household shows 62.8% of the losses had been regained through the first quarter, according to figures issued today.