The International Monetary Fund cut its global growth forecasts and now projects a second year of contraction in the euro region as progress in battling Europe’s debt crisis fails to produce an economic recovery.
The world economy will expand 3.5% this year, less than the 3.6% forecast in October, the Washington-based IMF said today in an update of its World Economic Outlook report. While the fund projects growth this year increasing from last year’s 3.2% pace, it expects the 17-country euro area to shrink 0.2% in 2013, instead of growing 0.2% as forecast in October.
“Is Europe on the mend? I think the answer is yes and no,” IMF Chief Economist Olivier Blanchard said in a video released with the report. “Something has to happen to start growth.”
For the global economy, “this is better, but it is not great,” Blanchard said at a press conference today. “In particular, the growth numbers are not enough to make a dent to the unemployment rate in advanced economies.”
The IMF foresees Spain leading the contraction in the euro area, while growth slows in Germany, the region’s largest economy.
The MSCI All-Country World Index fell 0.2% to 1,391.21 at 11:00 in New York. It’s climbed 15% in the last six months. The euro fell 0.3%, trading at $1.3289.
“It’s clear that financial markets are ahead of the real economy. The question is whether they are too much ahead or not,” Blanchard said. “What we know is that it always takes some time for financial markets’ optimism to feed to the real economy and at this stage there are still obstacles to it.”
While measures to stem the debt turmoil last year helped boost financial markets around the world and decrease sovereign bond yields from Spain to Greece, European officials now still face a recession and unemployment at a record 11.8% in the euro area. The IMF warned that the region still poses a “large” risk to the rest of the world if efforts under way to strengthen its economies and work on a banking union slip.
The forecast for a second year of economic contraction reflects “delays in the transmission of lower sovereign spreads and improved bank liquidity to private sector borrowing conditions,” as uncertainty remains over ending the turmoil that has engulfed nations from Ireland to Cyprus, according to the report.
The fund expects the region’s outlook to improve, forecasting a return to 1% growth in 2014. It sees the world economy expanding 4.1% next year, 0.1 percentage point less than in October.
In the U.S., “underlying economic conditions remain on track,” the IMF said as it cut its forecast for the world’s largest economy to 2% from 2.1% in 2013 and raised it 0.1 percentage point to 3% next year.
The priority is for Congress to avoid too much deficit reduction too soon, reach an agreement between Republicans and Democrats to raise the debt ceiling and craft a plan to reduce debt over the medium term, according to the report.
While the forecast for Japan was left unchanged at 1.2% this year amid fiscal and monetary plans to stimulate its economy, the fund cut the 2014 prediction by 0.4 percentage point to 0.7%.
Fiscal expansion is “going to help growth in the short run, no question,” Blanchard said. At the same time “when you start with such a level of debt and without a medium term credible fiscal consolidation plan, increasing the fiscal deficit in the short run is a very risky thing to do.”
Commodities exporters will feel the pinch of falling prices, with oil now seen slipping 5.1% instead of 1%, according to the report. While supportive policies have help buoy growth in some emerging market countries in recent months, there’s less space for such action now, it said.
Growth forecasts for Brazil were cut to 3.5% this year from 4% and to 4% from 4.2% in 2014. India was lowered 0.1 percentage point to 5.9% this year and was left unchanged at 6.4% in 2014.
The IMF didn’t change its forecast for China, seen growing 8.2% this year and 8.5% in 2014.
“It’s not the rates that we saw before the crisis, but these rates are long gone,” Blanchard said of emerging countries. “Things in general are fine.”
He also dismissed concerns about “currency wars” raised by Russia last week as “very much overblown.” European policy makers had joined Japan in bemoaning the economic cost of rising exchange rates.
“Countries have to take the right measures to get their own economies back to health,” with measures including monetary and fiscal policies, Blanchard said. “To the extent that we think the policies are appropriate, then the implications in terms of exchange rates are also appropriate.”
In Europe, German growth was cut by 0.3 percentage point to 0.6% in 2013 and is seen accelerating to 1.4% next year, from 1.3%.
Spain will contract 1.5% this year, compared with 1.3% in October and is seen growing 0.8% in 2014, 0.2 percentage point less than before.
Italy will shrink 1% in 2013 rather than 0.7% seen in October, and expand 0.5% in 2014, unchanged from three months ago, according to the IMF report released today.