Treasury 10-year note yields dropped to a more than two-week low amid speculation the U.S. employment market is floundering as politicians debate the so-called fiscal cliff, sustaining demand for safer assets.
Benchmark 10-year notes held a two-day advance before a Labor Department report tomorrow that economists said will show U.S. non-farm payrolls rose by 86,000 in November, the smallest gain since June. Treasuries were supported as European Central Bank President Mario Draghi said economic weakness in the region will continue. The Treasury Department will announce today the size of auctions scheduled for next week.
“The primary focus is employment tomorrow and then the fiscal cliff,” said Thomas Simons, a government-debt economist in New York at Jefferies Group Inc., one of 21 primary dealers that trades with the Federal Reserve. “After this week, the fiscal cliff resumes its more prominent position. Yields will remain in this range.”
Ten-year yields fell one basis point, or 0.01 percentage point, to 1.58 percent at 10:06 a.m. New York time, according to Bloomberg Bond Trader data. The yield dropped to 1.56 percent, the lowest since Nov. 16. The price of the 1.625 percent note due in November 2022 rose 4/32, or $1.25 per $1,000 face value, to 100 15/32.
The difference between the yields on the two-year note and the 10-year security dropped to 1.34 percentage points, the narrowest since Nov. 16.
The so-called yield curve typically narrows when investors anticipate a slow recovery because they demand less compensation for the risk that growth will spark inflation.
“We are at rich levels, but the market continues its slow grind higher,” said Paul Horrmann, a broker in New York at Tradition Asiel Securities Inc., an interdealer broker. “No one wants to make any big bets before something changes.”
The Fed’s preferred measure of inflation expectations, the five-year, five-year forward break-even rate, widened to 2.7 percent as of Dec. 3, the most recent figure available from data compiled by Bloomberg. The figure is the widest since Nov. 14 and is down from a 2012 high of 2.89 percent on Nov. 1.
The forecast jobs data for tomorrow is fueling speculation the Fed is preparing to announce a new round of bond purchases for 2013 at its next meeting on Dec. 11-12 to spur the economy. Policy makers said on Sept. 13 they will buy bonds until the job market improves “substantially.”