Nonfarm payrolls rise 117K; unemployment rate drops slightly

THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JULY 2011

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 117,000 in July, and the unemployment rate was little changed at 9.1%, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Job gains occurred in health care, retail trade, manufacturing, and mining. Government employment continued to trend down.

Household Survey Data

The number of unemployed persons (13.9 million) and the unemployment rate (9.1%) changed little in July. Since April, the unemployment rate has shown little definitive movement. The labor force, at 153.2 million, was little changed in July. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (9%), adult women (7.9%), teenagers (25%), whites (8.1%), Blacks (15.9%) and Hispanics (11.3%) showed little or no change in July. The jobless rate for Asians was 7.7%, not seasonally adjusted. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of persons unemployed for less than five weeks declined by 387,000 in July, mostly offsetting an increase in the prior month. The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks and over), at 6.2 million, changed little over the month and accounted for 44.4% of the unemployed. (See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate edged down in July to 63.9%, and the employment-population ratio was little changed at 58.1%. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was about unchanged in July at 8.4 million. These individuals were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In July, 2.8 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, little changed from a year earlier. (These data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the four weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 1.1 million discouraged workers in July, about the same as a year earlier. (These data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.7 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in July had not searched for work in the four weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

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