Payrolls drop by 131K

THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JULY 2010


Total nonfarm payroll employment declined by 131,000 in July, and the unemployment rate was unchanged at 9.5%, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Federal government employment fell, as 143,000 temporary workers hired for the decennial census completed their work. Private-sector payroll employment edged up by 71,000.

Household Survey Data

Both the number of unemployed persons, at 14.6 million, and the unemployment rate, at 9.5%, were unchanged in July. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for adult men (9.7%), adult women (7.9%), teenagers (26.1%), whites (8.6%), blacks (15.6 percent), and Hispanics (12.1 percent) showed little or no change in July. The jobless rate for Asians was 8.2%, not seasonally adjusted. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

In July, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks and over) was little changed at 6.6 million. These individuals made up 44.9% of unemployed persons. (See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate (64.6%) and the employment however, these measures have declined by 0.6 percentage point and 0.4 point, respectively, since April. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was essentially unchanged over the month at 8.5 million but has declined by 623,000 since April. These individuals were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

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